Morphemic form: N{-giik}N (Combinations)
New orthography: -giit, -riit
Proto-eskimoic root: ɣiik, ɣiit
Variants: N{-giik}V
Morpheme type: Nominal modifier
Left sandhi: Fusional (sandhi truncative, except on q-stems)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This affix may be related to the verbal possessive affix N{-gə}V. The /ik/ seems to be an old dual marker, which suggests that the affix (at least previously) also could be used in the form -giik, corresponding to the dual number. For example, Schultz-Lorentzen (1958) mentions the examples ernerîk, 'father and son' and panigîk, 'mother and daughter', besides their plural forms (ernerît, panigît). N{-giik}N has a verbal variant, N{-giik}V. Both forms are commonly combined with V{-qatə}N and N{-qatə}N to express 'Vb together with' or 'to be N together' (have each other as fellow N).

Declension information

Stem type: Regular k-stem
Declension type: p-declined
Declension sandhi: Regular ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography -giit -giimmut -giia
Phonemic notation -giit -giikmut -giia
Notes on declension:

The meaning of this affix is inherently plural, so it requires a plural ending, e.g. -giit.


Meaning Notes
mutual Ns referring to a group. Examples