Morphemic form: V{yuma}V (Combinations)
New orthography: +jumavoq, +umavoq, -kkumavoq, -rumavoq
Proto-eskimoic root: yuɣuma-
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Default (additive, epenthetic or phonotactically truncative)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

/y/ becomes /j/ on vowel stems (which is then not written when following [i]), and /g/ on consonant stems (which is then always strengthened to [kk] or merges with /q/ to /r/). I.e., the sound rule is thus:

See the examples for instances of this rule with each of the possible stem types.

A few other affixes (and all combinations using them) have this special pattern with /y/. According to Fortescue et al. (2010), they derive from one of the following:

However, not all historically y-initial affixes display this behaviour, and it is not clear what has lead to its development. In the MOFO-morphemic form, we shall only use /y/ for the pattern described above.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-preserving
Diathesis: Unaltered (same as the stem)


Meaning Notes
want to Vb Other possible translations are 'will Vb' or 'would like to Vb' or 'desire to Vb'. See also V{(q)gusuk}V for a different affix with a synonymous meaning. Examples
in order to Vb When used with (positive) contemporative endings, e.g. -lluni, -llugu etc. Examples
without Vb'ing When used with negative contemporative endings, e.g. -nani, -nagu etc.