Morphemic form: V{-riiq}V (Combinations)
New orthography: -reerpoq, -reerit, -reerluni, -reerami, -reeruni
Proto-eskimoic root: ɣiiq-
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Sandhi-truncative
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

Many Greenlandic verbal bases can be used either in a present or past sense without any special affix to denote time. This affix denotes that the action has already been completed, thus indirectly implying a past tense. It also denotes that the listener knew on beforehand that the action was supposed/intended to be performed. Compare: aallarpoq, 'he has departed' vs. aallareerpoq, 'he has already departed' (implying that you knew he was supposed to leave at some point).

Furthermore, the affix has some special meanings in the imperative and contemporative moods:

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-preserving
Diathesis: Unaltered (same as the stem)


Meaning Notes
has already Vb'ed In the sense of 'as intended' Examples
Vb already now, immediately! When used with the imperative mood
after having Vb'ed With endings in the contemporative, causative or conditional moods Examples