Morphemic form: {piŋŋuaq}N
New orthography: pinnguaq
Proto-eskimoic root: piŋŋuðaʀ-
Morpheme type: Noun base
Right sandhi: None



According to the CED, this stem is a combination of {pi(-)} and {ŋŋuðar(-)}, corresponding to modern day {pi}N{ŋŋuaq}N, where the intervocalic /ð/ has been dropped. It is a straightforward combination, but for unclear reasons, this stem does not decline as modern day N{ŋŋuaq}N, so I record it here as a separate stem.

Noun stem

Stem type: Weak q-stem
Declension type: p-declined
Declension sandhi: Gemination
Gemination type: /ua/ => /ucca/ (gemination of unwritten consonant) ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography pinnguaq pinngussap pinngussat pinngussamut pinnguaa
Phonemic notation piŋŋuaq piŋŋuccap piŋŋuccat piŋŋuccamut piŋŋuaa
Notes on declension:

This stem is usually declined with gemination of the (otherwise invisible) /ð/, which becomes /cc/. According to SL58, this stem may alternatively decline like N{ŋŋuaq}N, but in practice I have not seen examples of this. It is possible, that the declensions with gemination is used to distinguish this stem with the more specific meaning 'toy', from the regular combination {pi}N{ŋŋuaq}N with the more general meaning 'something small'.


Meaning Notes