Morphemic form: V{-aqcuk}V (Combinations)
New orthography: -arsuppoq, -varsuppoq
Proto-eskimoic root: arẑuk
Variants: N{-aqcuk}N
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Sandhi-truncative
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This affix is a verbal variant of the nominal affix N{-arcuk}N, with a somewhat related meaning.

According to the examples from DAKA, there seems to be a preference for injecting /v/ following an /a/. However, this does not seem to happen regularly (e.g. sanaarsuppoq is a counter-example), so it seems to be optional rather than required. Thus, we do not record the form as V{-(v)aqcuk}V.

Furthermore, the examples given in Schultz-Lorentzen (1958) indicate a quite different behaviour: Here, the affix instead seems to (almost) always have an initial /j/, thus suggesting the form instead should be V{-jaqcuk}V (but sanârssugpoĸ is also mentioned here, so it is again a counter-example, albeit it could then be viewed as an irregularity). However, this behaviour does not seem to be used at all today. Thus we record the old-orthography forms under examples for historical purposes, but retain the morphemic form as V{-arcuk}V without an epenthetic consonant.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-preserving
Diathesis: Unaltered (same as the stem)


Meaning Notes
Vb half-heartedly Or 'weakly', 'insignificantly' etc. Examples