Morphemic form: V{ðə}N (Combinations)
New orthography: +ti, +si
Proto-eskimoic root: ðə
Morpheme type: Nominaliser
Left sandhi: Default (additive, epenthetic or phonotactically truncative)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This affix is used to create nouns from divalent stems that represent the Agent role of the verbal action. It can perhaps be compared to English -er, -or (compare 'teacher', 'helper', 'counsellor'), i.e. a 'Vb'er (of/for the Patient)'. The Patient need not be specified, but can be indicated with a possessive ending.

It is not commonly used in active production today, but it can be found it in a number of lexicalised words. It seems instead to be more common to use the intransitive participle V{ðuq}N, in combination with a HTR-morpheme to reduce the valency (e.g. ilinniartitsi**soq, 'teacher', from ilinniartippaa, 'he teaches him').

Note that /ə/ always must take a sound, since if /ð/ becomes /c/ (on vowel stems), then /ə/ must take a sound since no Greenlandic word can end on the sound [c]. Likewise, if /ð/ becomes /t/ (on consonant stems), then /ə/ must again take a sound, because no Greenlandic word can end on a double consonant sound.

Declension information

Stem type: ə-stem (vowel stem)
Declension type: p-declined
Declension sandhi: Regular ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography +ti +tip +tit +timut +taa
Phonemic notation ðə ðəp ðət ðəmut ðəa


Meaning Notes
one who Vb (of/for Patient) (active participle) Or 'Vb'er', 'Vb'or' (of/for someone) etc. The Patient can be specified with a possessive ending. Examples