Morphemic form: N{-gə}V
New orthography: -gaa, -givaa, -ginnippoq
Proto-eskimoic root: kə-
Morpheme type: Verbaliser
Left sandhi: Fusional (sandhi truncative, except on q-stems)
Right sandhi: None


Verb stem

Right sandhi: ə-contraction
Valency: Divalent (valency 2)
Diathesis: Reflexive/reciprocal (BPP)
HTR-morpheme: {nnək}
HTR-stem: N{-gənnək}V


Meaning Notes
Agent has Patient as N This should normally be translated as 'Patient is Agents N', so this affix is used to express sentences of the form 'it is my dog', 'I am your father' etc. It combines the 'having' sense of N{-qaq}V with the 'owning' meaning of a possessive ending, which cannot be obtained otherwise. It can thus be viewed as a divalent version of the monovalent affix N{-qaq}V, or as a verbal form of a possessive ending (which it indeed in many cases will resemble). Hence I call it the verbal possessive affix. Examples