Details

General


Morphemic form: {umək}N
New orthography: umik
Proto-eskimoic root: umək
Morpheme type: Noun base
Right sandhi: None

Description



Noun stem


Stem type: Strong k-stem
Declension type: ip-declined
Declension sandhi: Metathesis
ABS.sg ERG.sg ERG.pl ALL.sg ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography umik ummip ummit umimmut umma
New orthography umik unngip unngit umimmut unnga
Phonemic notation umək ukmip ukmit uməkmut ukma
Notes on declension:

According to Schultz-Lorentzen (1951), this stem is ip-declined and displays metathesis; although he only records the ergative singular and plural forms. According to Nielsen (2019), the form umma (or unnga) also exists, so it shows the full metathesis declension pattern. However, he also notes that this stem may be declined as a regular k-stem with up-declension: this is likely the preferred form today.


Stem type: Regular k-stem
Declension type: up-declined
Declension sandhi: Regular
ABS.sg ERG.sg ERG.pl ALL.sg ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography umik umiup umiit umimmut umia

Meaning(s)


Meaning Notes
facial hair
curtain