Morphemic form: V{naviaq}V (Combinations)
New orthography: +naviarpoq, +naviaqaaq, +navianngilaq, +naviarunnanngilaq, +naviarsimanngilaq, +naviarnani, +naviarani
Proto-eskimoic root: na-
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Default (additive, epenthetic or phonotactically truncative)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

According to Fortescue et al. (2010), this affix derives from the morpheme {na-}, also appearing as the alternative intransitive imperative ending V{na}. However, the remaining components of the affix are unexplained therein.

The affix is almost always used with a negation nowadays, expressing a certain conviction that the Subject will not Vb. This presupposes some initial doubt about the topic. However, Schultz-Lorentzen (1958) does mention some examples of usage without a subsequent negation.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-preserving
Diathesis: Unaltered (same as the stem)


Meaning Notes
probably Vb Or 'presumably', 'expectedly' etc. The conviction may be strengthened with V{-qə}V. Note: this usage without negation is probably rare nowadays. Examples
definitely not Vb When followed by a negation (i.e. V{ŋŋit}V or negative contemporative), it expresses a certain conviction. Other affixes, e.g. V{gunaq}V or V{sima}V can appear in-between. Examples