Morphemic form: V{ðarə}V (Combinations)
New orthography: +taraaq, +saraaq
Proto-eskimoic root: ðaqə-
Variants: V{ðaq}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Special (see description)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This is an old, mostly non-productive, and highly irregular affix. There seems to be suppletion with another (non-productive) morpheme, {ɣaa-} or {ɣai-}, which supposedly is also the source of the iterative mood marker {gaaŋa}, {gaaŋ}, which is formed through combination of this affix with the causative mood marker {ga} (historically dropping /a/ before 3rd person endings {at}, {ata}, where instead today the special 3rd person mood marker {(m)m} is used). The irregularities w.r.t. right-sandhi are as follows:

Schultz-Lorentzen (1958) gives the following examples:

Nowadays, all of the above, with the exception of ə-contraction may be used irregularly, or not at all. Hence, e.g. both -taraluni (regular, with ə-contraction) and -taraaluni (irregular, with suppletion) may be encountered.

Left sandhi:

The initial /ð/ may optionally drop following a q-stem, with /q/ then becoming /r/; i.e., the affix may optionally behave as V{garə}V on q-stems. This is presumably due to suppletion with another historic morpheme {ɣaa-}, {ɣai-} in combination with habitual {aʀ-}. Thus with e.g. oqarpoq, it can yield either oqartaraaq (regular) or oqararaaq (irregular).

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Irregular changes to mood marker (see description)
Valency: Valency-preserving
Diathesis: Unaltered (same as the stem)


Meaning Notes
habitually/repeatedly Vb This is more literary style than V{ðaq}V. Examples