Morphemic form: N{ŋŋuq}V (Combinations)
New orthography: -nngorpoq
Proto-eskimoic root: ŋ(ŋ)uʀ-
Morpheme type: Verbaliser
Left sandhi: Default (additive, epenthetic or phonotactically truncative)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

According to Fortescue et al. (2010), this affix is historically formed through combination of {ŋu} (root of the affix N{-u}V, 'to be') and a morpheme {ʀ}, indicating the result after a change of state ('has become'). The latter morpheme caused gemination in the preceding stem, thus leading to the form {ŋ(ŋ)uʀ}.

The affix is normally monovalent, but it seems there are examples where it is used in a divalent sense ('Agent makes Patient be N'), although this does not seem regular. To regularly obtain this meaning, the combination N{ŋŋuqtət}V would be used instead.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Monovalent (valency 1)
Diathesis: Subjective (intransitive)


Meaning Notes
Actor has become N Examples
it is N o'clock With numerals representing the hours. Examples
Agent makes Patient be N Note: this usage is not regular. Examples