Morphemic form: N{-lək}N (Combinations)
New orthography: -lik
Proto-eskimoic root: ləɣ
Morpheme type: Nominal modifier
Left sandhi: Sandhi-truncative
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This is a very common affix, used in many constructions. Like a handful of other stems ending in /ək/, it displays a limited form of metathesis, but only in the grammatical cases, where it takes N{-ip} and N{-it}. Apart from this, it declines like a regular k-stem. This peculiar behaviour is then of course inherited by all stems formed with this affix.

As with the other stems in /ək/, this stem probably originally displayed true methasis and took the N{-up} ending in ergative singular; i.e. /-klup/, /-klit/, /-kla/ etc. (i.e. -llup, -llit, -lla in the new orthography).

Declension information

Stem type: Regular k-stem
Declension type: ip-declined
Declension sandhi: Limited metathesis (only in and pl) ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography -lik -llip -llit -limmut -lia
Phonemic notation -lək -klip -klit -likmut -ləa


Meaning Notes
one equipped with N This affix is semantically equivalent to the combination N{-qaq}V{ðuq}N, i.e. 'one/something who has N'. Examples