Morphemic form: {aqviqsanəq}N (Combinations)
New orthography: arfersaneq, arfersarngat
Proto-eskimoic root: aʀvaɣ, aʀvin(ə)ləɣ
Morpheme type: Noun base
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

According to Fortescue et al. (2010), this stem is derived from {aʀvaɣ}, 'edge of the hand', similar to {aqvinəq}N, but exactly how (especially the source of the /qsa/) is unexplained. The final morpheme is presumably V{nəq}N, as is also the case for arfineq and aqqaneq.

Declension information

Stem type: Strong q-stem
Declension type: up-declined
Declension sandhi: Metathesis ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography arfersaneq arfersarngup arfersarngit arfersanermut arfersarnga
Phonemic notation aqviqsanəq aqviqsaqnup aqviqsaqnit aqviqsanəqmut aqviqsaqna


Meaning Notes
sixteen This is the number 16. It is only used for counting. For the quantity, which is used for naming anything consisting of 16 parts (e.g. years, months, days), see {aqviqsanələk}N. Note that this number is singular, even though the meaning is plural. Examples