Morphemic form: V{nəkuu}V (Combinations)
New orthography: +nikuuvoq
Proto-eskimoic root:
Constituents: V{nəq}N + N{-kuq}N + N{-u}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: ə-eliding (additive)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This affix is a straightforward combination of abstract participle V{nəq}N, N{-kuq}N and N{-u}V. As the left-most morpheme is V{nəq}N, this combination inherits its left-sandhi behaviour, so it may (optionally) elide a stem-final /ə/, although this is probably rare in productive usage.

The affix is used to describe a perfective state/tense, similar to one of the meanings of V{sima}V, but only for events the speaker himself has experienced. It may be less ambiguous than V{sima}V and hence be preferred, especially by younger speakers and in newer texts, whereas older speakers may tend to prefer V{sima}V (some claim to dislike -nikuu-, because it contains N{-kuq}N, which has connotations of something old/broken/discarded). It is seemingly also a fairly new construction: For example, it is not explicitly mentioned in the dictionary by Schultz-Lorentzen (1958).

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-preserving
Diathesis: Unaltered (same as the stem)


Meaning Notes
has already Vb'ed Used to express (experiential) perfect tense, probably most commonly in combination with V{-riiq}V.
has once Vb'ed Examples
has never Vb'ed When used in combination with the negation affix V{ŋŋit}V. Examples