Morphemic form: V{-it}V (Combinations)
New orthography: -ippoq, -appoq, -ik!, -ak!
Proto-eskimoic root: ŋit-
Variants: N{-it}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Sandhi-truncative
Right sandhi: tc-exception, Assibilation


Form and usage:

This affix is only used with adjectival bases (describing a state of being corresponding to a quality), where it produces a new stem with the opposite meaning, similar to English prefix 'un-' or 'in-' etc. It is thus not very productive, but it is found in many lexicalised adjectival stems.

Note that this is a true t-stem, which, in combination with intransitive participial mood marker {ðu}, and intransitive participle V{ðuq}N, will yield 'ts' from the combination /tð/. This feature is then inherited by every stem derived with this affix.

The affix may also be used in an exclamatory fashion without any verbal ending, e.g. similar to the exclamation 'beautiful!' (instead of a full clause 'it is beautiful'). In such cases, the final consonant is pronounced as [k] rather than [t], so such words are written as ending in -ik!, -ak!.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Monovalent (valency 1)
Diathesis: Subjective (intransitive)


Meaning Notes
Actor is un-Vb'ing Only used with adjectival bases. It produces a new stem with the opposite meaning. Examples