Morphemic form: V{ðuq}N (Combinations)
New orthography: +toq, +soq, -tsoq
Proto-eskimoic root: ðuʀ, tuʀ
Morpheme type: Nominaliser
Left sandhi: Default (additive, epenthetic or phonotactically truncative)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This affix is used to create nouns from monovalent stems that represent the Actor role of the verbal action. It can perhaps be compared to the suffix -er, -or in English (compare e.g. English worker, painter, builder, visitor etc.). This morpheme is actually the same as the intransitive participial mood marker {ðu}, but here declined as a noun (weak q-stem), rather than conjugated as a verb.

Left sandhi:

On old t-stems, this affix (usually) attaches to /t/ without assimilating it. This is especially the case with all verb stems formed with V{ŋŋit}V, N{-it}V and V{-it}V. Thus e.g. with V{ŋŋit}V, the combination yields

similar to the mood marker for intransitive participial mood (since it really is the same morpheme).

Declension information

Stem type: Weak q-stem
Declension type: p-declined
Declension sandhi: Regular ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography +toq +tup +tut +tumut +tua
Phonemic notation ðuq ðup ðut ðumut ðua


Meaning Notes
One who/that Vb (intransitive participle). Or 'a Vb'er '. Examples