Morphemic form: {sivunəq}N
New orthography: siuneq, siornga, siorngani, siorngatigut, siorngaak
Proto-eskimoic root: civunəʀ
Constituents: {sivu}N + V{nəq}N
Morpheme type: Noun base
Right sandhi: None



This stem is a non-standard, lexicalised combination of {sivu}N and V{nəq}N.

Noun stem

Stem type: Strong q-stem
Declension type: up-declined
Declension sandhi: Metathesis
Notes on declension:

This stem declines with metathesis, especially in the temporal sense. See V{nəq}N for declension examples.


Meaning Notes
What lies ahead/in front Especially when used as a spatial noun with possessive endings in the prepositional cases Examples
front of face
the past (time) When used with possessive endings in absolutive or vialis cases (which denote time). It can seem strange that 'front' should be associated with 'past', but Greenlandic is an irrealis language, where that which is real (or in this case has happened) is distinguished from that which has not (yet) become real. The past is real, so it is known. It is visible to our eyes, unlike the future, which is unknown. The bodily orientation therefore seems to be that we stand with our backs to the future, staring into the past. The future is behind us, the past is before us. See {kiŋunəq}N for the dual meaning of 'back/future'. Examples