Morphemic form: N{-kasik}N (Combinations)
New orthography: -kasik
Proto-eskimoic root: kapcak(-)
Variants: N{-kapsak}N, V{-kasik}V
Morpheme type: Nominal modifier
Left sandhi: Sandhi-truncative
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This is the common form of this affix in most of West Greenland, albeit the variant N{-kapsak}N is more common in North Greenland. The affix seems to be used in an almost exclamatory sense, and thus mostly (or only?) in the Absolutive singular. Schultz-Lorentzen (1958) even gives examples of it being added onto completed words (including endings) like an enclitic, rather than as a nominal affix. However, this seems to be non-standard usage, so we omit these examples.

Declension information

Stem type: Regular k-stem
Declension type: up-declined
Declension sandhi: Regular
Notes on declension:

The declension is not documented anywhere but it is presumably regular with up-declension. The affix seems to be seldom used outside of the Absolutive singular, so we omit the declension pattern.


Meaning Notes
bad/poor/pathetic N Can be used to signal modesty. With names, the meaning is a mixture of endearment and disdain. Examples