Morphemic form: V{-(cc)utə}N (Combinations)
New orthography: -ut, -at
Proto-eskimoic root: -un
Variants: V{ccutə}N, V{'-tə}N
Morpheme type: Nominaliser
Left sandhi: Special (see description)
Right sandhi: None


Left sandhi:

This affix is truncative and may cause a stem-final /aq/ to drop. Furthermore, it seemingly prefers to inject /cc/ rather than the usual /j/ whenever a consonant is required by phonotactics, i.e. following a long vowel /VV/ (/uu/ or /aa/ in this case). According to Fortescue et al. (2010), this may also happen on t-stems, but I have not found any examples attesting this.

Note also that this affix will not remove a final /q/, but rather weaken it to /r/, if the stem ends in /əq/. This may also happen, if the stem ends in /VVq/, and thus be an alternative to injecting /cc/. Thus, the forms are:

Declension information

Stem type: tə-stem
Declension type: p-declined
Declension sandhi: Regular ABS.3sg/sg Special forms
New orthography -(ss)ut -(ss)utip -(ss)utit -(ss)utimut -(ss)utaa
Phonemic notation -(cc)utə -(cc)utəp -(cc)utət -(cc)utəmut -(cc)utəa


Meaning Notes
tool/means for Vb'ing Examples
reason for Vb'ing This seems to be the meaning in some older texts, but nowadays the variant V{ccutə}N seems to be preferred for this meaning. Examples
time when This also seems to be an old usage. It is mentioned in Schultz-Lorentzen (1958) but does not seem to be productively used in this sense nowadays. Examples