Morphemic form: V{-ðaqaq}V (Combinations)
New orthography: -taqarpoq, -saqarpoq, -gaqarpoq
Proto-eskimoic root:
Constituents: V{-ðaq}N + N{-qaq}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Special (see description)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This is a straightforward combination of passive participle V{-ðaq}N and N{-qaq}V. This combination is one of the ways in which something like indefiniteness may be conveyed in Greenlandic. The 'passive noun' created with V{-ðaq}N, which represents the Patient role of the verbal action, can be incorporated with N{-qaq}V to create a completely indefinite construction, corresponding to 'some/any' in English. The indefinite N (or Ns) may optionally be specified in the Instrumental case as a modifier For example:

and so on. Note how the meaning changes from 'some' to 'any' with the addition of the negation affix V{ŋŋit}V. Compare this with

where angutit is a direct object, and hence has focus, which signals definiteness in Greenlandic.

Left sandhi:

Since the first morpheme is V{-ðaq}N, this combination inherits all the peculiar left-sandhi rules of this affix, so see it for examples and explanations.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-reducing
Diathesis: Subjective (intransitive)


Meaning Notes
Actor has Vb'ed some indefinite N Examples