Morphemic form: V{-ðau}V
New orthography: -taavoq, -saavoq, -gaavoq
Constituents: V{-ðaq}N + N{-u}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Special (see description)
Right sandhi: None



This affix is formed by a combination of passive participle V{-ðaq}N and copula N{-u}V. This combined affix is used to create a static passive construction: It only makes sense on divalent stems, and it reduce the valency to yield a monovalent stem.

Left sandhi:

The first component, V{-ðaq}N, has some very peculiar left-sandhi rules, so see it for examples and explnataions.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Regular
Valency: Valency-reducing
Diathesis: Subjective (intransitive)


Meaning Notes
Patient is/was Vb'ed This affix expresses static passive, which contrasts with dynamic passive, expressed with the affix V{nəqaq}V. This difference is very clear in Greenlandic, and also in a language like Danish, but unfortunately not in English. See the AITWG, chapter 9, for a detailed description of the difference between these two kinds of passive constructions. Examples