Morphemic form: V{surə}V (Combinations)
New orthography: +soraa, +sorinnippoq
Proto-eskimoic root: yukə-
Variants: V{gasurə}V, V{nasurə}V, V{sugə}V, V{gasugə}V, V{nasugə}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Special (see description)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

This affix is one of the few that may follow even the sentential segment of a verb stem. It exists in two different forms, V{surə}V and V{sugə}V, which can seemingly be used interchangeably with no difference in meaning. Furthermore, both forms can optionally be preceded by a morpheme {ga}, again with no change of meaning. Lastly, this optional {ga} can also be {na} instead, which is particularly common in North Greenland. Since both variants are schwa-stems, they also both take {nnək} as HTR-morpheme, i.e. +sorinnippoq, +suginnippoq, both of which (of course) also can have the optional {ga} or {na} prefix.

With intransitive endings without HTR, the meaning becomes reflexive 'Agent thinks that he himself Vb's'. The affix can be used on both monovalent and divalent stems, affecting the meaning similar to V{niraq}V:

Left sandhi:

Schultz-Lorentzen (1951) mentions the form atúsángitsoralugo (new orthography: atussanngitsoralugu), where V{surə}V seemingly does not assimilate the final /t/ of V{ŋŋit}V. It is unclear whether this behaviour is optional or mandatory, and whether it affects all t-stems and t(ə)-stems or only V{ŋŋit}V.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: ə-contraction
Valency: Valency-increasing
Diathesis: Reflexive/reciprocal (BP)
HTR-morpheme: {nnək}
HTR-stem: V{surənnək}V


Meaning Notes
Agent thinks that Patient Vb Examples
whether perhaps Agent might be Vb'ing When used with contemporative mood. This affix can be used to pose indirect questions somewhat similar to V{niq}V; often considered a polite form of request, but may be less common (or more formal) than V{niq}V. Examples