Morphemic form: V{tquŋŋit}V (Combinations)
New orthography: -qqunngilaa
Proto-eskimoic root:
Constituents: V{tqu}V + V{ŋŋit}V
Morpheme type: Verbal modifier
Left sandhi: Default (additive, epenthetic or phonotactically truncative)
Right sandhi: None


Form and usage:

Straightforward combination of V{tqu}V and V{ŋŋit}V. See the entry for V{tqu}V for further notes on the meaning. It inherits the idiosyncratic right-sandhi of the latter, so see the entry for V{ŋŋit}V for notes about endings. If the stem is monovalent, the affix will increase the valency (with the former Actor as Patient). However, if the stem is divalent, it will increase the valency by introducing a new Agent (shadowing the Agent role of the stem).

As with V{tqu}V, the diathesis is reflexive. Thus, if this affix is used in intransitive form without an intervening HTR-morpheme, the meaning becomes: 'Agent forbids (some-/anyone) to Vb him'.

Verb stem

Right sandhi: Irregular changes to mood marker (see description)
Valency: Valency-increasing
Diathesis: Reflexive/reciprocal (BP)


Meaning Notes
Agent forbids Patient to Vb Or 'does not permit' or similar. Examples
Agent forbids (some-/anyone) to Vb him When used with intransitive form without an intervening HTR-morpheme. Examples